By Anil Seth (ed.)
Are all of us on the mercy of our mind chemistry? Do you think the amygdala and the hippocampus are fantastical sea monsters? What can an MRI experiment let us know? may possibly you clarify to dinner-party visitors why we do not chortle after we tickle ourselves? 30-Second mind is right here to fill your brain with the technological know-how of precisely what is occurring inside of your head. utilizing not more that pages, three hundred phrases, and a unmarried photograph, this is often the fastest strategy to comprehend the wiring and serve as of the main advanced and complicated mechanism within the human physique. realize how the networks of ninety billion nerve cells interact to provide notion, motion, cognition, and emotion. discover how your mind defines your character, and what it will get as much as when you are asleep. Illustrated with mind-bending photos and supported by means of biographies of pioneers within the box of neuroscience, it is the publication to get your grey subject wondering your grey matter.
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Additional info for 30-Second Brain: The 50 most mind-blowing ideas in neuroscience, each explained in half a minute
Temporal lobes The last of the four main divisions of the cerebral cortex. These lobes are found low to the side of each hemisphere and are heavily involved in object recognition, memory formation and storage and language. The hippocampus is in the medial part of these lobes (the medial temporal lobe). thalamus These are bundles (nuclei) of neurons that sit on top of the brain stem and are about the size and shape of a walnut. The thalamic nuclei are heavily interconnected with specific areas of the cerebral cortex and are thought to act as sensory relay areas, connecting sensory receptors (apart from olfaction) with the cortex.
So neurons, along with other cells, turn on only the genes required for their own needs. As needs change, different genes are turned on or off. This changing pattern of active genes is particularly notable in the functioning of synapses. This is important because changing the connections in neural circuits allows us to learn from experience. Consider a neural circuit that detects a potentially threatening sensory stimulus. If the threat persists, strengthened circuit connections will be required to sustain and enhance vigilance.
The power of Hebb’s idea lies with evidence showing that learning changes the connections between two neurons at the molecular level. Now, imagine you learn a new word: ‘brain-numb’. You are now creating new connections in the networks of your linguistic brain through Hebbian learning. 3-SECOND BRAINWAVE What happens when we learn something new? ’ 3-MINUTE BRAINSTORM The space between two neurons is called the synaptic cleft. The neurotransmitters that use this little gap as a bridge may make the first neuron excite or inhibit the second.
30-Second Brain: The 50 most mind-blowing ideas in neuroscience, each explained in half a minute by Anil Seth (ed.)