By Georgina M. Montgomery
A better half to the heritage of yank Science deals a set of essays that supply an authoritative review of the newest scholarship at the heritage of yank science.
- Covers themes together with astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, tremendous technological know-how, army expertise, and more
- Features contributions via the main comprehensive students within the box of technology history
- Covers pivotal occasions in U.S. historical past that formed the advance of technological know-how and technology coverage similar to WWII, the chilly struggle, and the Women’s Rights movement
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Extra info for A Companion to the History of American Science
In the face of anti-immigrant sentiment, Boas himself took on anthropometric studies of recent arrivals to the country and their children in order to discount racialist theories (Boas 1912). Combating the rise of anti-Semitism, Boas and his students pressured American anthropology to denounce officially typological racial theories as unscientific (Barkan 1992). Melville Herskovits (1895–1963) conducted fieldwork in East Africa and Haiti before founding the anthropology department at Northwestern and, arguably, founding African and African American Studies as an academic field (Gershenhorn 2004; Herskovits 1926, 1941).
Harvard’s Peabody Museum, for example, was founded in 1866 through the patronage of banker George Peabody. It became a prominent research center under the direction of Frederick Ward Putnam (1839– 1915), who expanded its collections and began publishing the Papers of the Peabody Museum. Following his success in Massachusetts, Putnam went on to establish a number of anthropology museums and departments (Browman 2002). In Chicago, he built up the Field Museum’s collections in association with the 1893 World’s Fair.
22 ADRIAN YOUNG society’s treatment of indigenous people, its history of slavery, its conception of race, its colonization of the interior, and its projection of international power. ” Though most historians avoid the use of anachronistic categories avant la lettre, writers have identified anthropological antecedents as distant as Herodotus and note that writing about other peoples has existed under the term since the sixteenth century (Harris 1968; Layton 1997; Liebersohn 2008). A recognizably modern anthropology, however, was a quintessentially Enlightenment science, elaborated as a philosophical and descriptive catalogue of humanity.
A Companion to the History of American Science by Georgina M. Montgomery