By William Woodruff
This booklet investigates the key adjustments in global historical past and international financial system in the past years and explains to what volume international forces were answerable for shaping either prior and current. Its underlying subject is the fight for strength within which, because the 16th century, the West has prevailed. a number of the difficulties of the modern international - together with terrorism - are the legacy of the interval of Western domination. until eventually the increase of the West, and its incomparable influence on each department of human job, the centre of the area has been in Asia. by way of the 19th century global strength was once firmly within the arms of the West. America's later upward thrust to international prestige used to be triggered by means of the 2 global wars. the main in demand of the Western international locations, the USA is now blamed for the entire excesses of an previous colonial age.
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Extra resources for A Concise History of the Modern World: 1500 to the Present
In Western society it is not the state's job to prevent the citizen from falling into error, but the citizen's job to prevent the state from falling into error. Even allowing for Gorbachev' s perestroika (restructuring) and glasnost (openness), such an outlook is alien to the Russian mind. Security and order, stemming from highly centralized control, have always been paramount. They are what freedom and individualism have meant to the West. Russian history has no Age of Chivalry, no Renaissance, no Reformation, no Counter-Reformation, and no eighteenth-century Enlightenment.
It was one thing for the Mongols to sweep across the Russian and Polish plains, and another thing for them to pierce the more varied western terrain. Geography also provided a stimulus to the maritime nations of Europe. Once the trade monopoly of the Italians and the Arabs in the Levant was broken (by the opening of new sea routes around Africa51 to the East), the shift from the Mediterranean to the Atlantic provided a spur to the maritime nations, first to Spain and Portugal, and later to France, Britain, and the Netherlands.
Leonhard Euler (1707-1783) was not only the leading mathematician of eighteenth century Europe, he was also the leader for the revival of piety in the Lutheran church. Christianity's spiritual dynamism invaded the temporal sphere and helped to provide the basis underlying the rise of the West. It was Christianity's certainty, 34 righteousness and messianic outlook, coupled with its domination complex, which compelled it, like Islam, to go out into the world in search of souls. Unlike Daoism, Confucianism, and Hinduism, Christianity was a missionary religion.
A Concise History of the Modern World: 1500 to the Present by William Woodruff