By Warren D. TenHouten
Founded upon the psychoevolutionary theories of Darwin, Plutchik and Izard, a normal socioevolutionary conception of the sentiments - affect-spectrum idea - classifies a large spectrum of the feelings and analyzes them at the sociological, mental and neurobiological levels.
This neurocognitive sociology of the sentiments supersedes the main theoretical views built within the sociology of feelings by means of exhibiting fundamental feelings to be adaptive reactions to basic difficulties of lifestyles that have advanced into easy social relationships and which may are expecting occurrences of the whole spectrum of fundamental, complicated secondary, and tertiary emotions.
Written through prime social theorist Warren D. TenHouten, this booklet provides an encyclopaedic class of the sentiments, describing forty-six feelings intimately, and providing a basic multilevel concept of feelings and social existence. The scope of insurance of this key paintings is extremely topical and complete, and contains the advance of feelings in youth, symbolic elaboration of complicated feelings, feelings administration, violence, and cultural and gender adjustments. whereas basic feelings have truly outlined valences, this concept exhibits that advanced feelings obey no algebraic legislations and that every one feelings have either artistic and harmful potentialities.
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Extra resources for A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life
The happy person evaluates his or her overall situation in life as basically both right and good (Averill and More 2004). Layard (2003) deﬁnes happiness as “feeling good – enjoying life and feeling it is wonderful. And by unhappiness I mean feeling bad and wishing things were different” (p. 4). He adds that happiness and unhappiness are not separate dimensions, but different points along a continuum. The opposite of happiness, then, is not unhappiness but misery and loneliness, just as the opposite of acceptance is not un-acceptance but disgust.
Further, both involve the self: fear is triggered by a threat to the self; sadness, by a loss to the self (Oatley and Jenkins 1996: 101). In disgust, the deﬁning function is rejection and the deﬁning cause is recognition of the need to reject what is in the environment, or to recognize that one has been rejected, or treated as disgusting by others, a potential loss of social identity. But this is not disgust itself, rather a further reaction to move away from what is disgusting. Physically disgusting things are usually dealt with very naturally by averting one’s gaze or turning away one’s nose; by removing oneself from an unclean, contaminated, disgusting object or place.
1976). This recognition of joy by the infant stimulates the infant’s own expression of joy, an interaction which deepens bonds between the infant and its caregivers. The emergence of joy, widely agreed to be a primary emotion, sets the stage for a new level of consciousness, which advances the infant from mere interest in the environment, to social interactions with caregivers and others, the result being an accelerated development of perceptual abilities and the emergence of the social self (Izard 1980: 209).
A General Theory of Emotions and Social Life by Warren D. TenHouten