Download PDF by Michel De Vroey: A History of Macroeconomics

By Michel De Vroey

ISBN-10: 1107584949

ISBN-13: 9781107584945

This e-book retraces the background of macroeconomics from Keynes's normal concept to the current. imperative to it's the distinction among a Keynesian period and a Lucasian - or dynamic stochastic basic equilibrium (DSGE) - period, each one governed by way of certain methodological criteria. within the Keynesian period, the e-book stories the subsequent theories: Keynesian macroeconomics, monetarism, disequilibrium macroeconomics (Patinkin, Leijongufvud and Clower), non-Walrasian equilibrium versions, and first-generation new Keynesian versions. 3 levels are pointed out within the DSGE period: new classical macroeconomics (Lucas), RBC modelling, and second-generation new Keynesian modeling. The publication additionally examines a couple of chosen works aimed toward providing choices to Lucasian macroeconomics. whereas now not eschewing analytical content material, Michel De Vroey specializes in great exams, and the versions studied are awarded in a pedagogical and brilliant but severe method.

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Keynes's contribution was to provide a justification for this viewpoint. Although with hindsight his argumentation must be considered wanting, at the time it was sufficiently sensible and conceptually rich to win the hearts and minds of the majority of economists. THE EMERGENCE OF KEYNESIAN MACROECONOMICS For al! the enthusiastic reception of The General Theory, in the wake of its publication confusion over its central message was great, even among its admirers. Progress occurred when a session of the Econometric Society Conference was devoted to the book.

Individual adaptive learning and market equilibrating processes were loosely sketched at best" (Leijonhufvud wo6a: 29-30). Marshall was hardly bothered by this defect as he took it for granted that these laws of motion worked well in reality. The contrary was true for Keynes as the economic situation he observed seemed a testimony to their malfunctioning. However, he lacked the means to make progress on the matter. This explains that he ended up setting aside the "laws of motions" research theme to content himself with static analysis.

Of activity. The effective demand model analyses what goes on in the manufacturing sector. This sector is treated as if it were a single branch. Fourth, Keynes replaced Marshall's infinitely elastic demand with an upward-sloping aggregate demand curve, its slope being determined by the propensity to consume. He also assumed that aggregate demand is driving the economy while regarding aggregate supply as passive. Fifth, Keynes introduced a notion which was absent from Marshallian theory, full employment, which he defined as "a situation in which aggregate unemployment is inelastic in response to an increase in the effective demand for its output" (Keynes 1936: 26).

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A History of Macroeconomics by Michel De Vroey

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